Wolverhampton

Philosophy 1

Co-ordinator : Tim McNamara 01902 751790
“What is Philosophy?”
The love, study, or pursuit of wisdom, truth, or knowledge. Now rare. Rational inquiry or argument, as opposed to divinely revealed knowledge (Definition OED).
Philosophy – Main Divisions
Natural Philosophy: Now called Science
Metaphysics: Ontology (existence: What exists?).
Question about existence.
Epistemology (What do we know? How do we know it?
Ethics: Morality (How should we behave?).
However now Philosophy deals with much more: Politics, Religion, Art, Language and Thought, Justice, Education and the Environment.

“What is the point of Philosophy?”

Simon Blackburn gives three answers:
1). The High Ground. Philosophy doesn't bake bread or fly aeroplanes, but then neither does architecture, art, music or literature. Some study philosophy just as others study pure mathematics, theoretical science or astronomy. It exercises the mind leading to an improvement in mental health as physical exercise does for the body.
2). The Middle ground. Reflection matters because it is continuous with practice. If you believe in life after death you may put up with persecution or hardship that you would not if you though the notion makes no sense. If you believed, as many used to believe, that the body and mind are entirely separate, then it would make no sense in treating mental problems using chemicals or the opposite: using relaxation techniques to ease physical problems. This would be a mistake based on a false philosophy.
3). The Low Ground. Because it matters. We all have deeply held convictions that we would not be able to justify rationally. We believe that our ways, our beliefs our politics or religions are better than theirs. Our God-given rights trump theirs; our interests require defensive or pre-emptive strikes against them.

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More Group Pages
Games-General German Improvers
Art Appreciation Brush up your Shakespeare
Chess - Beginners Classical Music
Computing Contemporary History
Country Dancing Craft
Creative Writing Food
French Gardening
Jazz Latin
Philosophy 1 Philosophy 2
Play Reading 1 Play Reading 2
Play Reading 3 Poetry (Contemporary)
Poetry 3 Poetry Appreciation
Reading 1 Reading 2
Science and Technology Self Study Resources
Social Issues Spanish Improvers
Table Tennis UKULELE Group
Walking