Anglesey

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Marram grass

The small car park at Pen Lon features this sculpture representing stooks or sheaves of marram grass (Ammophila arenaria).

Marram grass is particularly important in Newborough’s history: it was a major source of income from mat, basket and rope making; and it protected the village from being buried by the vast dunes. In 1331, sand from the dunes was blown over the village (or more properly borough) of Newborough, burying fields and houses. In the 16th Century, planting of marram grass was ordered by the government of Elizabeth 1st to try and stabilise the dunes and halt any further advance of them. Uprooting of the grass became a punishable offence

Marram grass